1933, President Nicholes left St. George for BYU. According to
his son Henry, “He only accepted the offer to go to BYU to teach
because he knew of no other way that he would be able to get his
nine children educated beyond the junior college level, with the
Great Depression in full swing.”
Nicholes became a Professor of Chemistry at BYU and was there
the remainder of his teaching career.
President Nicholes left Dixie, B. Glen Smith was appointed
President. He had been involved in education for 19 years as a
teacher and administrator before coming to Dixie. He had served
as a high school principal in Arizona for one year and in Idaho
for three years.
Brigham Glen Smith was born in July 1896 in Spanish Fork,
Utah. He started school in September 1902, in a little red
schoolhouse just one block from his home. He attended high
school there and was selected as Valedictorian of his graduating
class in 1915.
he graduated from BYU with a Bachelor of Arts Degree, majoring
in English and minoring in Music. He earned his Masters Degree
also at BYU in 1923 with a major in Philosophy of Education and
a minor in Educational Administration.
graduate work at the University of Cincinnati and while there
was nominated to membership in Phi Delta Kappa, the National
Honorary Educational Fraternity.
teaching position was in St. Johns, Arizona, where he also
served as principal for one year. He then filled the same
position at Teton High School in Driggs, Idaho.
he earned his Masters Degree in 1923, he came to Dixie College
to head the Education Program to prepare students to be
married Willdee Gynn in October 1926. They had no children and
in 1943, she died at the age of 47. He later married Ruth
Jackaman in July, 1948.
weeks passed in early 1933, it was evident to the Dixie
Administration that Commissioner Merrill was in favor of closing
the school altogether, while others favored transferring the
school to the state system.
bill authorizing the transfer of Dixie College was passed in
March 1933, by a majority of 14 to 7 in the Senate and 51 to 8
in the House of Representatives, but with no state
appropriations for two years.
The LDS Church, the
community, the faculty and the students rallied to gather goods
in kind to keep the College open for two years until a State
appropriation was finally achieved.
During that period, community support was organized through a
group known as the Dixie Education Association. They came to the
rescue to finance the transition period. The officers included
William O. Bentley, Orval Hafen, Mathew Bentley, Wilford W.
McArthur and B. Glen Smith. They undertook many projects to
promote education, including the building of a women’s dormitory
(Dixiana) and acquiring various kinds of equipment and property.
citizens of St. George and the Dixie area recognized this move
as one of the "most vital moments in the development of this
territory, since the settlement of the territory, since the
Dixie Mission in 1861."
16, 1933, with President A.W. Ivins of the First Presidency
officiating, the St. George Stake deeded the College property to
the State of Utah. The value of the buildings and equipment
amounted to $205,695.
though the legislation to keep the College alive passed, there
would be no State money to operate the College for two years.
Thus, the crisis was far from over.
public gathering was held in the St. George Tabernacle and
reported in the April 6, 1933 Washington County News:
"Following a lengthy discussion of events which led up to the
present emergency, it was made public that all of the support
necessary to maintain the College during the next two years will
be forthcoming through the patriotic whole hearted support of
local business people, citizens and alumni members."
Certainly many people in the Dixie College community deserve
thanks for all the time and effort put forth in the effort to
keep Dixie Junior College alive. Foremost on the list must be
College President Joseph K. Nicholes and members of the Stake
Presidency, W. O. Bentley, President, W. W. McArthur, First
Counselor, Orval Hafen, Second Counselor, B. Glen Smith who
succeeded Nicholes as President and Mathew M. Bentley, College
Treasurer. These men had to sign a pledge with the State
Government to be responsible for the financing of the College
for two years.
the transfer from the Church to the State, the College
immediately came under the control of the Utah State Board of
Education with no financial support from the State for two years
because of Governor Henry Blood's policy to absolutely not raise
expenditures for any reason between sessions of the State
Legislature, and they met only every two years.
faculty members, the administration, and staff members during
this two year period, often took part of their wages in
commodities such as garden products, hay, grain, animals, etc.
When money was desired they in turn, would sell the items they
had in the bartered surpluses for the cash needed.
response to the lack of State funding for two years, the Dixie
Education Association was organized to pull together local
funding efforts devised to help keep the College operating.
was a nonprofit organization set up to aid education in Utah's
Dixie and specifically for the growth and benefit of Dixie
College. The president, treasurer and registrar represented the
College on the Association. They were joined by several
public-spirited citizens from St. George and the surrounding
two years (1933-1935) the DEA helped fund teachers salaries and
provided scholarship assistance to students.
In a 1932
College publication, President Joseph K. Nicholes is quoted as
saying, "Dixie is more than a school. It is a community
enterprise. It is a cultural center. It has been developed
through the self-sacrifice of the people."
Statement reflects the thinking of the overwhelmingly large part
of the people of St. George regarding "their" school and where
they stood with regard to keeping the school alive.
the State System took over, the academic structure was organized
into four divisions: the Division of Biological Sciences that
included Agriculture, Mechanic Arts, Home Economics and Physical
Education; the Division of Humanities, made up of Art, Band and
Orchestra, Vocal Music, English and Foreign Languages; the
Division of Physical Science which included Chemistry, Geology,
Mathematics and Physics; and the Division of Social Science,
made up of Business, Education, History, Political Science and
cooperative relationship which had always existed between the
College and the community, along with that hard to describe
feeling always termed as "The Dixie Spirit", were forces which
pushed everyone into action to support the school during this
two year period of no State financial support.
class of 1933 graduated from Dixie Junior College, according to
Dr. Edna Gregerson's Doctoral Dissertation, there had been a
total of 831 high school graduates and 317 College graduates
from Dixie between 1911 and 1933.
addition, 504 students had gone on to attend 45 different
four-year colleges or universities elsewhere in the United
States and Europe.
President Smith offered leadership and always operated on a
smooth and efficient basis even though he was often under great
stress and pressure. Under the most unpleasant financial crises
and circumstances, he proved himself indispensable to the
during this administration that football became a part of the
regular athletic activities at the College.
building projects were accomplished during President Smith's
administration. They included improvements on the Auditorium,
the construction of the Mechanical Arts Building, modernizing
the Home Economics facilities, the building of a greenhouse and
tennis courts. A $10,000 donation from The Carnegie Institute
to help establish a Library was secured. The Mechanical Arts or
Industrial Arts Building was located east of the Science
Building and was used for Industrial Arts, Crafts and Auto
College became a State institution in 1933, plans were
formulated for 6-4-4 education system in St. George. In 1935
President Smith went to the State to have the school conduct its
programs on a 4 year junior college basis with no real
separation between high school and college. The State
eventually accepted the proposal and it went into effect in
of limited enrollments in both divisions, there were several
advantages to this system. Some classes such as Music, Drama
and Art, were conducted on a joint basis. Without combining the
programs, there was some question if they could have been
supported or justified on an individual basis.
were some disadvantages as well, namely administrative problems
in scheduling and following two different school calendars at
the same time.
his five-year term as College President, B. Glen Smith resigned
the office of President and became the Registrar and also
returned to the classroom. In 1952, he quit all teaching except
Psychology and Education Orientation and served as Chairman of
the Counseling Services until he retired in 1961.